Christian x of denmark
However, these two marriages were not the only unions amongst and between descendants of Victoria and Christian IX. On 27 October his son, later Constantine I of Greecemarried Sophia of Prussiaa granddaughter of Victoria, forging another union between descendants of the British queen and the Danish king.
Between andshe was empress-consort of Russia. Other grandchildren became monarchs in their own right or consorts. Christian IX was therefore the grandfather of an emperor and two kings who all married granddaughters of Victoria, one of whom Maud of Wales was also a granddaughter of Christian IX. In total, five of his grandsons were reigning sovereigns. Victoria, meanwhile, was the grandmother of an emperor, a king-emperor, four queens consort and an empress consort.
During the First World War —many monarchs of countries from both sides were closely related due to their mutual descent from either Queen Victoria, King Christian IX or both. Shortly before the end of the war, Nicholas, his wife and children were executed by the Bolsheviks.
The family tree below also attempts to show the relationship between close and extended family members referenced on this 16 khz tone. On the contrary, nearly all European reigning kings and queens today are most closely related through their descent from Victoria, Christian or both.
Currently, there are seven kingdoms remaining in Europe :  1. Denmark : Queen Margrethe II 3. Additionally, there are three other constitutional monarchies with hereditary thrones in Europe: 1.
Harald V of Norway is actually descended from Christian IX three ways, twice through his father and once through his mother. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and his wife Elizabeth II are second cousins once removed through Christian IX and also third cousins as they are both great-great-grandchildren of Victoria. King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden is descended from Victoria, twice, as his parents were second cousins because they were both great-grandchildren of Victoria.
Because so many monarchs descend from both Queen Victoria and King Christian IX of Denmarkthe relationship between these two monarchs is of some interest. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also Monarchies in Europe. Queen Victoria. Victoria Choral Songs. Categories : European royal families Descendants of individuals Queen Victoria. Hidden categories: Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Christian IX of Denmark. Dagmar of Denmark. George I of Greece. Alexandra of Denmark.Christian Xborn Sept. Becoming crown prince inChristian led the opposition to the sale of the Danish West Indies now the U. Virgin Islands to the United States, which ultimately took place in In June he signed the new constitution that provided for a two-chamber parliament with equal suffrage for men and women; he also gave his assent to the federal act of making Iceland an independent kingdom.
During World War II, after the German occupation of Denmark began inChristian rode frequently on horseback through the streets of Copenhagenshowing that he had not abandoned his claim to national sovereignty. He rejected the Nazi demand for anti-Jewish legislation in September but was forced in May to condemn Danish sabotage of munitions works and railways.
His speech against the occupation forces in Augustafter fighting had broken out between the Germans and Danish resistance fighters, led to his imprisonment until the end of the war. He was succeeded on his death by his elder son, who became Frederick IX.
Christian X. Article Media.
Christian X of Denmark
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Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Frederick served in the disastrous Danish—German War ofwhich lost the duchies of Schleswig, Holstein, and Lauenburg for…. Frederick IXking of Denmark —72 who gave encouragement to the Danish resistance movement against the German occupation during World War II and, along with his father, Christian Xwas imprisoned by the Germans — A highly popular….
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Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice.His character as a ruler has been described as authoritarian and he strongly stressed the importance of royal dignity and power. His reluctance to embrace democracy resulted in the Easter Crisis ofin which he dismissed the democratically elected cabinet with which he disagreed, and instated one of his own choosing. This was nominally his right in accordance with the constitution, but facing the risk of the monarchy being overthrown he was forced to accept democratic control of the state and the role as a nominal constitutional monarch.
In spite of becoming unpopular due to his resistance to democracy, during the German Occupation of Denmark he did become a popular symbol of resistance to German occupation, particularly because of the symbolic value of the fact that he rode every day through the streets of Copenhagen unaccompanied by guards.
He also became the subject of a persistent urban legend according to which, during Nazi occupation, he donned the Star of David in solidarity with the Danish Jews.
Danish Jews were not forced to wear the Star of David. However, the legend likely stems from a British report that claimed he threatened to don the star if this was forced upon Danish Jews. When you look at the inhumane treatment of Jews, not only in Germany but occupied countries as well, you start worrying that such a demand might also be put on us, but we must clearly refuse such this due to their protection under the Danish constitution.
I stated that I could not meet such a demand towards Danish citizens. If such a demand is made, we would best meet it by all wearing the Star of David. In addition, he helped finance the transport of Danish Jews to unoccupied Swedenwhere they would be safe from Nazi persecution. With a reign spanning two world wars, and his role as a rallying symbol for Danish national sentiment during the German Occupation, he has become one of the most popular Danish monarchs of modern times.
After passing the studenter-eksamen the university entrance examination in Denmark in as the first Danish monarch, he started a military education as was customary for princes at that time, and subsequently served with various regiments.
She eventually became his queen consort. They had two children:. Furthermore, the couple received Marselisborg Palace in Aarhus as a wedding present from the people of Denmark in Christian himself now became crown prince. He had been returning from a recuperation stay in NiceFrance, and was staying anonymously in the city before continuing to Copenhagen. Christian was in Copenhagen when he heard about his father's demise and acceded to the throne as Christian X.
In AprilChristian instigated the Easter Crisis, perhaps the most decisive event in the evolution of the Danish monarchy in the Twentieth Century.
The immediate cause was a conflict between the King and the cabinet over the reunification with Denmark of Schleswiga former Danish fiefdomwhich had been lost to Prussia during the Second War of Schleswig.
Danish claims to the region persisted to the end of World War Iat which time the defeat of the Germans made it possible to resolve the dispute. According to the terms of the Treaty of Versaillesthe disposition of Schleswig was to be determined by two plebiscites : one in Northern Schleswig Denmark's South Jutland County —the other in Central Schleswig today part of the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
No plebiscite was planned for Southern Schleswig, as it was dominated by an ethnic German majority and, in accordance with prevailing sentiment of the times, remained part of the post-war German state.
In Northern Schleswig, seventy-five percent voted for reunification with Denmark and twenty-five percent for remaining with Germany. In this vote, the entire region was considered to be an indivisible unit, and the entire region was awarded to Denmark. In Central Schleswig, the situation was reversed with eighty percent voting for Germany and twenty percent for Denmark. In this vote, each municipality decided its own future, and German majorities prevailed everywhere. In light of these results, the government of Prime Minister Carl Theodor Zahle determined that reunification with Northern Schleswig could go forward, while Central Schleswig would remain under German control.
Many Danish nationalists felt that at least the city of Flensburgin Central Schleswig, should be returned to Denmark regardless of the plebiscite's results, due to the sizeable Danish minority there and a general desire to see Germany permanently weakened in the future.
Christian X agreed with these sentiments, and ordered Prime Minister Zahle to include Flensburg in the re-unification process. As Denmark had been operating as a parliamentary democracy since the Cabinet of Deuntzer inZahle felt he was under no obligation to comply.
He refused the order and resigned several days later after a heated exchange with the King. Subsequently, Christian X dismissed the rest of the cabinet and replaced it with a de facto conservative caretaker cabinet.
The dismissal caused demonstrations and an almost revolutionary atmosphere in Denmark, and for several days the future of the monarchy seemed very much in doubt. In light of this, negotiations were opened between the King and members of the Social Democrats.
Faced with the potential overthrow of the Danish crown, Christian X stood down and dismissed his own government, installing a compromise cabinet until elections could be held later that year. This was the last time a sitting Danish monarch attempted to take political action without the full support of parliament.Christian had attempted to regain Schleswig from Germany in the s. He did not act with the Danish parliament's full support, however, causing a political crisis that could very well have seen him removed from power.
Christian acted to reach a compromise with his political opponents, and he retained his throne with many of his powers reduced. However, Christian regained much of his popularity during the German occupation from to While he didn't resist directly, various little acts of enormous symbolic value made clear to his subjects that he was engaged in "mental resistance". These included his daily rides through Copenhagen on his horse, his routine greeting of Danish citizens while pointedly ignoring German salutes, and an infamous, curt, response to a birthday telegram from Adolf Hitler.
When Germany invaded Denmark inthey wisely left Christian X on his throne and the government in place. Sign In Don't have an account?
Start a Wiki. Categories :. Cancel Save. Christian X of Denmark. Historical Figure. Fictional Appearances:. West and East. King of Denmark — New title Iceland in a personal union with Denmark. King of Iceland —Christian X. Toggle navigation.
His character as a ruler has been described as authoritarian and he strongly stressed the importance of royal dignity and power. His reluctance to embrace democracy resulted in the Easter Crisis ofin which he dismissed the democratically elected cabinet with which he disagreed, and instated one of his own choosing.
This was nominally his right in accordance with the constitution, but facing the risk of the monarchy being overthrown he was forced to accept democratic control of the state and the role as a nominal constitutional monarch. In spite of becoming unpopular due to his resistance to democracy, during the German Occupation of Denmark he did become a popular symbol of resistance to German occupation, particularly because of the symbolic value of the fact that he rode every day through the streets of Copenhagen unaccompanied by guards.
He also became the subject of a persistent urban legend according to which, during Nazi occupation, he donned the Star of David in solidarity with the Danish Jews. Danish Jews were not forced to wear the Star of David. However, the legend likely stems from a British report that claimed he threatened to don the star if this was forced upon Danish Jews.
This is also supported by the king's personal diary, where the following entry can be found: When you look at the inhumane treatment of Jews, not only in Germany but occupied countries as well, you start worrying that such a demand might also be put on us, but we must clearly refuse such this due to their protection under the Danish constitution. I stated that I could not meet such a demand towards Danish citizens.
If such a demand is made, we would best meet it by all wearing the Star of David. In addition, he helped finance the transport of Danish Jews to unoccupied Sweden, where they would be safe from Nazi persecution. With a reign spanning two world wars, and his role as a rallying symbol for Danish national sentiment during the German Occupation, he has become one of the most popular Danish monarchs of modern times.
The Story of King Christian X
Van tot regeerde hij over een onafhankelijk IJsland in personele unie met Denemarken. Onder Christiaans bewind vonden beide wereldoorlogen plaats. Hij bleef in Kopenhagen duidelijk aanwezig als symbool van de Deense zaak. Hij maakte dagelijks te paard een rit door de stad, niet begeleid door lakeien of bewakers. Bekend is de mythe dat Christiaan toen de Deense joden werden verplicht een gele armband met Jodenster te dragen zelf ook een dergelijke armband droeg.
In navolging hiervan zouden de Denen deze armband toen ook allemaal zijn beginnen te dragen zodat de joden niet meer opvielen. In werkelijkheid is er van dit verhaal niets waar.
De Denen droegen nooit een Jodenster en de Duitse bezetter heeft de joden zelfs nooit verplicht er een te dragen. Desondanks werkte Christiaan de Duitsers wel degelijk sterk tegen en sympathiseerde hij met de joden. Na een brandstichting in een Kopenhaagse synagoge in december zond hij bijvoorbeeld een steunbetuiging aan de rabbijn.
Adolf Hitler zond Christiaan op diens zeventigste verjaardag een felicitatieboodschap. De bezetting van Denemarken maakte communicatie met IJsland onmogelijk.King Christian X of Denmark🤴🇩🇰 Danish Jews and Hitler
Het IJslandse parlement nam op 10 april het heft in eigen handen. De bejaarde Christiaan viel in oktober van zijn paard.
Royal descendants of Queen Victoria and King Christian IX
Dit veroorzaakte chronische gezondheidsproblemen en hij verscheen sindsdien nauwelijks meer in het openbaar. Op 9 mei woonde hij, zichtbaar verzwakt en in een rolstoel, de heropening van de Deense Rijksdag bij. Hij stierf op 20 april Op zijn kist werd een armband geplaatst zoals de leden van het verzet tijdens de oorlog droegen. Christian King of DenmarkandIceland en. King of Denmark and Iceland en. Christian en.
Christian X of Denmark en Christian X en.His long reign is thus framed by the two world wars. In the beginning of his reign, the King had difficulty coming to terms with the parliamentary practices that were determined by system changes inand that led to multiple clashes with political leaders. Many radical and social democratic politicians and voters perceived this decision as being unconstitutional, and it resulted in the so-called Easter Crisis in That government was led by public trustee Michael Pedersen Friis, who with political consent dissolved parliament and called new elections.
A few months after the Easter Crisis, the King rode over the border to the reunited region of Southern Jutland North Slesvig on a white horse and thereby in the public mind was transformed from a politicizing monarch into a symbol of national unity.
In Octoberthe King fell from his horse during the daily ride, and the fall caused a lasting impairment to his health. The King passed away quietly on 20 Apriland on the Castrum Doloris his coffin was decorated with a Danish resistance movement armband. Read more about the accession to the throne. Skip to main content. Go back See all news. The Story of King Christian X.
July News. Facebook Follow the Danish Monarchy on Facebook. Det danske kongehus.We present you the rarest and most expensive stamps, but this is not an all-encompassing set. Various nuances, such as a secret mark or a curl, not obvious and not evident at first sight, can make an ordinary stamp expensive. So not every stamp that looks like a stamp that appears on this page can be that expensive.
If you want to identify your stamp that looks like one of the stamps on this list, you need to check all of its varieties this information is available to our subscribers on our website.
Denmark is widely considered as one of the richest and most livable states in Europe. The national postal service in this prosperous country was founded in by King Christian IV. The first postage stamps were introduced on 1 April They were printed in brown and featured a square design with a crown, sword, and sceptre in the center. Since then the postal service has introduced a range of interesting philatelic items that are popular among philately enthusiasts today. For the stamp collector that takes the approach of collecting major stamps of Denmark, this can be a worthwhile adventure.
Danish philately offers a number of fields for study, including plate and shade varieties on the earliest issues, the inverted frames on the later 19th Century issues, and the early vending booklets and booklet panes. Add on postal history and postmarks and collecting the stamps from Denmark could develop into a lifetime project.
Printed by the Royal printers, H. Ferslew, it is thought as quite scarce. But actually the multiplies of 2rs Blue stamps are even more interesting for philatelists. This is the finer of two blocks that was owned by Ferrary, Lichtenstein, Engellau and Christian Andersen. The other privately-owned block is believed to be held by the heirs of the late philatelic expert and connoisseur Walter Engel.
Afterwards the pair was bought by William Gross who offered it as a part of his Scandinavia Collection at Spink auction that took place on May 16, Besides being in optimal condition, any mint multiple of this stamp is an immense rarity as only two blocks of four and two mint pairs exist in private hands. This is also the only multiple with a sheet margin. As mentioned above 2rs blue is the second Danish stamp that is even rarer than the first one.
However, there is some even more interesting examples that can be found among 2rs blue stamp series like an item that possess a unique colour shade that is called Prussian blue.
Such a stamp appeared at the Postiljonen auction that took place in October, Ferslew, court engraver, who worked for the royal printers, H. Ferslew made the design and first printings but following his death, Thiele took over the task of printing the stamps.
This interesting item has a square design made in brown colour; it also displays a crown, sword, and scepter in the center.
Featuring light mute cancelation and good - wide margins all around the block was offered by Positijonen auction house at its sale that took place in September, Inverted frame "4 ORE" surcharge on 8o slate and carmine is one of the gems of Danish philately. This is enormously rare inverted frame variety of which very few exist today. Only 20 used examples and one mint were recorded by philatelists.
The unused stamp has the "deformed 4" variety which occurred only on position B59 therefore this can be the only example of the inverted frame with this plate variety. Wonderfully well centered and featuring strong rich colors inverted frame "4 ORE" surcharge in an unused very fine condition was sold by Spink on September 14, This stamp is widely considered as one of the most impressive philatelic items of 20th century Denmark.
The stamps in this pair are typographed, imperforate, and have wavy lines in the spandrels around the wreath.