Duplex stainless steel was invented in Avesta in The Avesta mill specializes in thick and wide materials 2-meter-wide coil and sheet and special grades in the FortaUltra and Therma ranges. In addition to finished coil products, Avesta delivers black hot band to sites in NybySweden, and in Germany, as well as slabs to Degerfors for quarto plate production. Avesta Prefab operations specialize in producing blanks for suction roll shell, heavy plate fabrication, press and roll forming of quarto plates, welding and heat treatment.
Avesta Press Plate is a highly advanced manufacturer of customized press plates, ready-to-use plates for the hardboard industry, and semi-finished niche plates for the laminate industry. Outokumpu employs some people at the site in Avesta.
If you are interested in working in employment opportunities such as summer jobs, traineeships and degree project work, please contact the local HR at sofia.
To ensure the safety of all shared workplaces at the Avesta mill, a safety certificate has been devised for contractors. The certificate ensures that all employees working in Avesta have adequate knowledge in occupational safety, health and safety coordination, and risks. All employees of contractors and Outokumpu Avesta must attend the safety certificate course and successfully complete an online safety course, which is offered in Swedish and English.
The goal is to protect employees from accidents. Go to the homepage Locations Avesta, Sweden. Avesta Business area Europe. Fueled by a high-octane blend of advanced technology and a long, proud tradition, the Avesta mill showcases precision performance.
Services Coil dimensions produced Width 2-meter-wide Hot rolled 3—12 mm Cold rolled 1. Working at Avesta Outokumpu employs some people at the site in Avesta. Key capabilities. Thick and wide. Read more Hide. Plate prefabrication. Shell blanks ready for machining, or turned and drilled according to customer specification.
Highly resistant to damage — like dents and scratches — with an exceptional degree of flatness. We produce. Declaration of performance 1. Explore the articles from the region.
Pipes & Tubes
View all. Case outdoor hot tubs Stainless spas upgrade to Supra plus. Case Husarviken bridge Futuristic functionality. Case Kiruna Wagon Innovative solution for uncommon cold. Case SKF heat treatment baskets To hell and back.
Case offshore patrol vessel Ship made for rough seas. Case Stockholm railway bridge Upgrading bridge construction. What if What if we could safely control the water flow?
Case Lossendammen Managing the water mass. Compare up to 3 products Compare now. Compare Clear all. Contact us We are here to help.These doctrines were to become familiar articles of faith to much of mankind, through borrowings by Judaism, Christianity and Islam; yet it is in Zoroastrianism itself that they have their fullest logical coherence We provide the complete text of the extant Avestathe most ancient scriptures of Zoroastrianism, as well as many Pahlavi scriptures.
It also includes information about the Avestan language, and other useful information for students of Zoroastrian religion. Most of the texts in these archives are extremely rare. NOTE: Spelling of Zoroastrian technical terms has been normalized in these archives to facilitate searches.
This is a humble effort to bring all our Zarathushti Groups together in a common prayer environment. If you need a copy, please contact: Soli P. Dastur at: dastur [at] comcast [dot] net. Donations for printing and postage are encouraged.
Scanned by Soli Dastur. Used with permission. Khorda Avesta English edited by K. Kanga, kindly contributed and scanned by Soli Dastur.
Also available as an EPUB. Khorda Avesta Gujarati edited by K. Khorda Avesta Persian with text, translation, and commentary by Mobed Azargoshasp 3rd ed.
Vendidad-Baa-Nirang : Vendidad ceremony with Vendidad, Yasna and Visperad prayers and accompanying rituals performed during an actual Vendidad ceremony. Kindly contributed by Ervad Jal Noshirvan Panthaky. Vendidad Saadeh : Only 22 Fargarads chapters of Vendidad. We are all concerned about the implications of COVID on the world population and join the rest of the world and other faith groups Denkard : A Ninth Century compendium of Zoroastrian wisdom Epistles of Manushchihr A.
Pazand Texts Shayest Ne-Shayest "Proper and Improper" Shkand-gumanig Vizar "Doubt-dispelling Exposition"a Zoroastrian apologetic Kersey : Argument for Acceptance and other articles Dabestan-e Madaheb "School of religious doctrines" : 17 th century description of religions and occult practices of India Articles by Soli Dastur Dhalla, History of Zoroastrianismpart 2part 3part 4part 5part 6part 7 Dhalla, Saga of a Soul -- An Autobiographypart 2part 3part 4part 5 Drower, Peacock Angel Dinshaw J.
Irani, Understanding the Gathas. Also available as an [EPUB]. Kersi B. Pallan Ichaporia Fire in Avesta. Kindly contributed by Soli Dastur.Avesta Finishing Chemicals is a leading producer of superior pickling products for stainless steel and special alloys.
For over 50 years we have worked closely with leading producers of stainless steel. We know how to keep steels stainless. We have a complete range of products to meet every need. The products are applied and work in a way that introduces no mechanical damage that can weaken the protective layer of the stainless steel. Besides pickling gels, pastes, sprays and liquids, the range also includes cleaning agents.
All our products are well known, easy to use and have established an impeccable reputation. Start using them now and be absolutely confident that they will solve your problem and restore the surface and return your stainless steel to its original lustrous look, feel and finish.
Avesta Chemical. About Avesta Chemical Avesta Finishing Chemicals is a leading producer of superior pickling products for stainless steel and special alloys. Avesta Molydrop Avesta Chemical.
Avesta Passivator Avesta Chemical. Avesta Cleaner Avesta Chemical. Avesta Pickling Paste Avesta Chemical. Avesta Pickling Gel Avesta Chemical.Stainless steel welds present particular problems. The high heat associated with welding has a negative impact on the passive layer of chromium oxide, e. Slag, undercutting, tarnish, iron particles, spatter, uneven surfaces and organic contaminants also have unfavourable consequences.
Avesta (voestalpine Böhler Welding)
Post-treatment in practice Post-treatment should always begin with cleaning and degreasing. Optimally, the process then continues with pickling. This can be done with gels, pastes and sprays or by immersion in a bath. In certain cases, a final treatment with a passivating agent may be necessary. After each step in the process, the object being treated must always be rinsed using water at high pressure. In accordance with good environmental practice, the rinse water must be taken care of as stipulated in relevant laws and regulations.
Stainless steel pickling Stainless steel are pickled in order to remove certain surface defects and contaminations, such as welding oxide, heat tint or scale, formed during fabrication.
If left on the final product surface, these oxides will reduce the corrosions resistance of the stainless steel surface. When pickling, the metal oxides are dissolved by the combination of hydrofluoric, nitric and sometimes also sulphuric acids.
The clean surface is then re-passivated rapidly by the oxygen in the air, and due to this, the welded object achieves an optimal for the alloy corrosion resistance. This method is technically superior for the surface treatment of stainless steel since it removes through corrosion any areas of inferior corrosion resistance on the surface. The disadvantage is that pickling acids are corrosive and poisonous, and must be handled with care. Avesta pickling chemicals are harzardous substances so the user must be protected against fumes and splashes.
Follow these general guidelines and safety levels when working with Avesta pickling products. The term passivation is commonly applied to several distinctly different operations or processes relating to stainless steels. In order to avoid ambiguity in the setting of requirements, it may be necessary for the purchaser to define precisely the intended meaning of passivation. Your email address will not be published.
Toggle navigation. These acids dissolve the heat tint and the underlying chromium depleted zone. Safety is important when pickling Avesta pickling chemicals are harzardous substances so the user must be protected against fumes and splashes.
The extensive range of approximately 2. Shielded metal arc welding with stick electrodes. The new reference in welding machines.
Avesta & Voestalpine Bohler Welding
Gas shielded tungsten arc welding GTAW. Pickling products for stainless steels and special alloys. Innovative Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing. On one hand this reflected in our high quality products, services and solutions, which are being applied successfully globally, but even more so in the lasting relationships we have built with customers and partners globally.
With our international network of 43 sales companies and 12 production units around the globe, we are in close proximity to our customers and can offer our support for daily operational welding challenges. Our experienced welding engineers go, if necessary, into the deepest details of welding technology and are only satisfied once the optimum and most economical solution is found for the customer. Cooperations with leading companies of various industries, universities and research institutes, as well as our parent company voestalpine of course, ensure that we continuously push the edge of innovation and this will allow us to guarantee the already expected lasting connections of highest quality well into the future.
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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Bharatbhai Gajera. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of Avesta Welding AB.
Information given in this manual may be subject to alteration without notice. Care has been taken to ensure that the contents of this publication are accurate but Outokumpu Stainless and its subsidiary companies do not accept responsibility for errors or for information which is found to be misleading. Suggestions for or descriptions of the end use or application of products or methods of working are for information only and Outokumpu Stainless and its affiliated companies accept no liability in respect thereof.
Before using products supplied or manufactured by the company the customer should satisfy himself of their suitability. Designed to aid the selection of the most appropriate consumables and methods for welding stainless steels, it is hoped that the Avesta Welding Manual reflects this position.
Stainless steel welding is a complex mixture of metallurgy, chemistry, geometry and aesthetics. Consequently, the best materials and welding methods have to be chosen. Besides giving details of recommended filler metals for all kinds of steels, this manual also gives assistance in selecting the optimum welding methods and techniques. The manual is based on over 70 years of experience in making, using and welding stainless steels. One major element in this has been the development of electrodes and welding wires for high-alloy steels and specific applications.
In writing this manual, the knowledge contributed by a wide range of experts has proved vital. Similarly, close collaborations with our customers have provided indispensable insights and information. It is my belief that the Avesta Welding Manual will be a valuable tool in all stainless steel welding. To this end, certain themes have been prioritised above others. That is why we will be delighted to hear from customers and users — not only with queries and questions, but also with opinions and suggestions.
This joint approach Avesta. This Swedish town has a long history enables the companies to give the best of stainless steel production. Combined steel. The two production units are located in with long experience and rigorous quality Avesta, Sweden, and Jakarta, Indonesia. Avesta Finishing Chemicals. Alloyed with sufficient chromium, steel absorbs oxygen from the air or from aerated aqueous solutions to form and maintain a thin, transparent oxide layer.
Being passive, the layer dramatically decreases corrosion. Anything that blocks the ready access of oxygen to the stainless steel surface dirt, grease, oil, paint, coatings, etc. The layer forms spontaneously when the environment is sufficiently rich in oxidants. Defects on the metal surface e. As per ENstainless steels Figure 1. Tables 1.
To tie up the carbon in the steel, the grades and properties of these steels as they are also sometimes alloyed with well as the relevant global standards. Stainless steel microstructure is very well Figure 1. Of these, the Schaeffler-DeLong Ferritic stainless steels, and especially high- diagram normally referred to as the DeLong alloy ferritic stainless steels, tend to lack diagram is presently the most used.
An toughness at low temperatures. Due to sigma example is given in figure 1. This is especially true of grades such as andwhich have added stabilisers. Modern ferritic stainless steels are entirely ferritic at all temperatures.If you are in need of custom metal working or welding, Avesta Custom Metal Design can help.
We can create personalized fencing that can add decoration and protection to your property. We can even galvanize the fencing, protecting it from the elements and lengthening its lifespan. We also have the tools and skills to create gates for your fence that are built to withstand heavy use.
And if you are looking to close off a porch or add railing to a stairway, we can create something simple or something decorative, and we have the ability to apply the same galvanizing process to these pieces as well. Maybe you are looking for something a little more unique? We can consult with you about your ideas, and design a piece that meets your needs. Whether it is something artistic or something more functional, we can design and create it according to your specifications.
Stainless Steel Welding Wire
If you have existing metal on your property or heavy machinery that can not be moved, we have a mobile welding crew that can come to your location and help with any of your welding needs. We can travel throughout the Greater Toronto Area. So if you are looking for a professional metal working and welding servicecontact Avesta Custom Metal Design for your free estimate.
Ornamental Metal Work Maybe you are looking for something a little more unique? Mobile Welding If you have existing metal on your property or heavy machinery that can not be moved, we have a mobile welding crew that can come to your location and help with any of your welding needs. Copyright Avesta - Legal.
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